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- Country people had the opportunity to come out to the city to earn money. [13], There were three main classes in the Victorian Era: the Aristocrats, the Middle Class, and the Lower Class. London had gone through many different changes over its past, but the entrance into the Victorian Era was definitely a huge change. MATCHSTICK MAKERS. About 3% of all white women during the Victorian era and 25% of all black women were part of the working force and worked for wages. The era can be viewed as one long stream of contradictions—a time of prosperity interrupted by the Long Depression of 1873–1879 and the Panic of 1893. She reigned from June 20, 1837 to January 22, 1901. [12] Image courtesy of www.eriding.net (Click on image to enlarge.) [6] [7] Such was the dietary divide between the rich and poor in the Victorian era. Cecil Court and St. Martin's Court were two streets constructed during the Victorian Era that highlight this change. While modern class differences are based primarily on how much money a person makes, Victorian class differences were based on what you did for a living, if anything. Along with those, the streets were also a place for theft, sickness, and musk from the local factories. Their routine work was fulfilled by the lower class people. [4] [7] The region was soon overpopulated with the disease and pollution riddled lower class (Eliot). [4] [23], During the Victorian Era, those in the middle class pushed back against the idea that the right to vote and to hold government office were reserved for the owners of major acreage. [4] During this time, the middle class was pushing for an increase for recognized holidays by their employers. [11] The society under the reign of Queen Victoria had three classes divided into the Upper Class, Middle Class, and the Lower Class. - Children were even forced to working which had an impact on their health - Their houses were very close to each other and they had uncomfortable living spaces. The Victorian era of the England history was the reigning period of the Queen Victoria. With limited currency for food, certain luxuries were substituted by more affordable versions. Although all of these middle class women had cleaning servants for their homes, they would lecture the lower class women on how to keep their houses clean. During that time Britain consists of four classes: the. The lower class could have worn vests, small coats, or a dark hat. The farmers, who were in the lower class during Victorian England, thought that it was good to have the education of his daughter polished up a little bit. To a normal person, a person might think that a woman in this class would do very little, but they actually did a lot. Reformatories. Reformatories. - They had a range of recreational activities available to them and some even contributes to their income - trading at pawn shops, produce shows. This post will discuss transportation in the Victorian Era and how it divided the classes. [7] [4] Most women found work in textile or clothing factories under harsh conditions, while others found trades in such things as metals, pottery or laundry. She examines the classes’ use of transportation and how the upper class are transported from place to place via coach, carriage or sedan while the middle class, "The professional men and their wives, the shopkeepers and their spouses, and all such people, walked about at considerable peril both night and day (Gaskell, 1)." [26], A comprehensive Victorian Children history guide with facts and information on how the Victorian times impacted children in work, play, education and home life. [9] The images we have today of Victorian women, clad in fine fabrics, grand dresses, bonnets and petticoats, are the clothes of the upper classes. [3] About 3% of all white women during the Victorian era and 25% of all black women were part of the working force and worked for wages. The Victorian era was during the period of the rule of Queen Victoria. [7] Some of the increasingly powerful upper middle class categories secured their places in this upper class. -Their foods were limited and low in quantity as well as quality. [4] A surprising aspect of society in the late 1800's is that the wealthy upper class had their own curiosities about how the poor lower class lived. The novel can be viewed as a struggle to maintain upper-class Victorian traditions against the traditions of the lower class. In the Victorian era women were to get married to a man of the same or a better social status, be good wives, and be a mother to her husband's children. The white industrialized European was place at the top of a racial and social hierarchy and supported program enacted during the Victorian era to "civilize" colonial subjects through increased exposure to Victorian culture and literature, namely through education programs that place English literature on a pedestal that taught British moral values. Deserving poor: unemployed, underemployed, victims of injury and illness - Proper weekday education was unavailable to them as it was so expensive. Dancing was one of the favorite things for the upper class women and men ("Women of Victorian England"). You either had the money or you didn’t, which in reality probably drove the middle class to extinction for a time throughout the Victorian era. In reality, things were not so tidily demarcated. The lower class included seamstresses, washerwomen, farm, factory, and mine workers, and domestic servants. A modified class structure clearly remains in existence today. Women of the upper class, middle class, working class, and lower class were more prevalent in America. [9] The Victorian Era in Britain was dominated by the reign of Queen Victoria (1837-1901). How was Victorian poor and middle class Life? The social classes of this era included the, Victorian England Social Hierarchy. There was almost a negligible change in the lower class though and this class still remained shut from the royal England’s political processes. [19] Some credited the change in silhouette to the Victorian dress reform, which consisted of a few movements including the Aesthetic Costume Movement and the Rational Dress Movement in the mid-to-late Victorian Era advocating natural silhouette, lightweight underwear, and rejecting tightlacing. [26] [20] Victorian London had a huge network of over-worked sewers under the city, washing away the effluence of the crowded metropolis. During the Victorian era, for the most part, women never traveled alone. [12] The Victorian era consisted of local producers. In the Victorian era women were to get married to a man of the same or a better social status, be good wives, and be a mother to her husband's children. [4], They had a comfortable life, not being exactly poor, with steady jobs and no manual labor involved; however it was a far cry from their previous lives of leisure, and an even further cry from the lives of the lowest class of Victorian women; those of the "lower" working class. There were some changes in social class system during this era as compared to the traditional social class system of England. In her latest article, Georgie Broad reflects on the life of women in Victorian Britain. [27] Working class life in the Industrial Era Living and working conditions for the Victorian working classes. [4] [17] [19] Venereal disease was so common in the 1800s that it killed just as many military men as war. [6], Other jobs like working on the railroad was also an option for Lower Class workers. Any worker was easily replaced with another of any age, or machine in some cases, to do the life-threatening industrial work for an incredibly low wage. Note: Footnotes & Links provided to all original resources. They earned low, insubstantial wages. [11] [19] It was the lowest of the three main classes during the Victorian Era and was by far the worst. [19] [11] Sports born in the Victorian Era Sports are a way of life for some individuals and without sports it would feel like a so called hole in their hearts. Even though she had a physical disability, she still was able to overcome this and become a respectable Victorian women traveler. [4], There were four main classes that the women were divided into they were: gentry, middle class, upper working class, and the lower working class. [4] [3], The perfect role model for the domesticity expected of upper, and especially middle class women, was that of Victoria herself, who doted upon her husband and children, and after Albert’s death remained loyal, modest and demure - engrossing herself in her regal affairs. This working class was further categorised as the skilled workers and the unskilled workers. One of the main reasons that working class women had such trouble getting by in Victorian England was the extreme disparity between theirs and the upper class, both in economic and social terms. This quickly made them into the lower class citizens as there were very few jobs that they were capable of finding at this time. These changes mainly affected the lower and middle classes, but they did affect the upper class a little. Few eras in history can evoke such ideas of contrast between the lives of different people as that of the Victorian era of 1837-1901 in Britain. [22] [2] In reference to Source 2, the working class house was confined into small spaces. The Victorian England social hierarchy is described below in a descending order pattern means starting with the uppermost power holder social class and going on further describing all the classes in brief. [5] [2] 33 The Poor had no chance at getting themselves out of the hole that they were in since no one would offer them a job, but the Working Class wasn't much better, The only perks that they got were work, food, and everyday shelter. [4] [3], The middle class, on the other hand, had a very successful time in the Victorian era. [19] In 1847, Charles Dickens, together with a millionaire heiress and philanthropist named Angela Georgina Burdett-Coutts, decided to pay for the establishment of Urania Cottage. Even though members of this class held jobs, they were considered part of the Lower Class. [4] During the Victorian Era, the social class system of that time rigidly defined the role of women. They were ranked below the lower class because they lived in total poverty. In 1837, the start of the Victorian era, Britain began experiencing massive changes in the culture of the nation and in the industrial sector. When it came to age, most brides and grooms would have been in their mid-20s. [11] These were mainly activities that were meant to bring the middle and working class together. [27], Prior to the industrial revolution, Britain had a very rigid social structure consisting of three distinct classes: The Church and aristocracy, the middle class, and the working poorer class. Shopping at a number of small shops was common. [14] [16] A person's social class during Victorian England determined many things during his or her lifetime, including education, medical treatment, and jobs. [7] Once women married, Jalland notes, even upper class women risked death in giving birth. As easy as it is to romanticize this period, especially given the push toward arts, a more gentile and sentimentalized way of life, and the stirrings of a more liberal type of politics, we must also remember the vast divides in lifestyle, and gender and class equality. [15] [14] Most people were born into a class and never left it; if they did, they only moved one degree: Upper to upper middle, or upper working to lower middle, for instance. At the start of the Victorian era (1830s-1900), English society was highly stratified and hierarchical, and the population fell into three main classes. Education Although education was for the privileged, around two thirds of the children in the working class population attended Sunday school. [4], The regular Victorian Era boy in the middle class would not have a great education unless he went to a public school. [26], While life in Victorian England changed dramatically during the industrial revolution, the biggest social change was felt in the cities. Throughout much of the Victorian era most men wore fairly short hair. [4] Dinner: For the upper class, dinner was considered the most colossal meal of the day. [2] Here, Anna Maria Barry highlights five fascinating 19th-century performers who had a lasting influence on the world of show business [5] The poor or lower class of the Victorian era had a very rough life. This was called the Victorian Era because Queen Victoria was in control. - At an early age the children would be out looking for work or roaming the streets looking for odd jobs. Very large families were not peculiar in the centuries before birth control, with the Victorian Era being no exception. The Industrial Revolution was beneficial to the middle class, but created a lot of problems for the lower class. From levitation demonstrations, vanishing acts and card-playing automatons, to performing elephants, clog dancers and even ‘sapient pigs’ able to perform remarkable tricks – when looking for live entertainment, the Victorians were spoilt for choice. This was the, The Class Structure in the Victorian Era. The middle class often performed the "mental" work and they were being paid either monthly or annually. These books detailed prostitutes’ ages, physical descriptions, personality type, and their cost, usually £2–£3 or £5 for a virgin. [26] An unmarried woman of this class often spent a lot of time with other unmarried women of their same social class. The lower working class were distinguished from the upper by having less education, no pretensions to gentility, fewer resources or opportunities and, in some cases, simply less luck. [26] Women during this time enjoyed activities out of their own household, which other class women could not enjoy. The lower class included seamstresses, washerwomen, farm, factory, and mine workers, and domestic servants. Although it was a peaceful and prosperous time, there were still issues within the social structure. To be quite honest, by today’s standard, this would not be middle class, it would simply be upper class. - They had very low wages, but it was better than working under 'a master' By Nhy Cao, Madeline Dal Corobbo & Josephine Ugwu Living Conditions The working class didn't have very good living conditions at all. [20] The Lower Class was divided into two subclasses: The Working Class and The Poor. The long, parted section of the back earned the name "cut-away" in the UK, "tails" in the USA. [4] Wealthy families lived in large Victorian houses three and sometimes four stories high with several rooms. [9] In the history of the United Kingdom, the Victorian era was the period of Queen Victoria's reign, from 20 June 1837 until her death on 22 January 1901. The Prostitutes - These women were at the bottom of the society and an enormous debate took place over them during the Victorian era. Other people were migrating to England and creating less job opportunities for all the people living in the lower class. [4] Horrible Histories - Victorian Work Song, online video, 6 June 2011, accessed 25 August 2013, < BBC n.d. [3], Victorian London food shopping was handled in the same fashion, although the baker or butcher would brings his food to the servants entrance of the home. [4] Their income normally came from the investments made by them or from the inherited lands. The Victorian era saw the advancements of the industrial revolution, such as new agricultural methods (which improved the quantity and quality of food) and the development of the railway system. Similar in the way we are urged to ‘shop local’ now. Royal Class - This include people from royal family and the spiritual lords of that time. [13] [4] During Victorian England, the middle class was the most populated class of all the classes. The Victorian upper class consisted of the king and queen, aristocrats, nobles, dukes, and other wealthy families of the Victorian court. All of these examples prove that a person's social class highly affected the life that person lived during Victorian England. [13], They built their own social groups, and they participated in much as the same sports as the upper class such as cricket, lawn tennis, and croquet (Johnson). Many coats in the Victorian Era were long and stretched all the way down to your knees. During the 1870's, long … [4] Other jobs for the lower class women were barmaids, chambermaids, waitresses', and working in factories. Higher Level Middle Class - These were high in terms of salaries and social status as compared to lower middle class. The poor Victorian Children lived in much smaller accommodations than the rich children did. Death and illness played a big role in life as well in the Victorian Era. [12] [19] It was very common for women to pass away during childbearing. Social Classes. The middle class citizens built their leisure activities from the activities that the upper class citizens had previously done. [4] [14] The lower class included people who did physical labor and were either paid hourly or daily. The other part of the Middle Class, the Lower Middle Class, didn't have the perks of living in the Upper Middle Class, but they definitely had it better than the Lower Class. The Lower Class In The Victorian Era 720 Words | 3 Pages. It is hard to adequately put into words how bad the conditions were for poor Victorian children. We use cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website. [7] [11] [24] Poor Victorians (Lower Class): Being poor during the Victorian era was very difficult, with barely enough money to buy food, how did the Victorians even manage to buy decent clothes? Their food was tasteless and consisted of anything that they could afford, their clothes were vastly different from the luxurious outfits of the upper class women - consisting of rag and cheap cloth, and their homes would be cold, dank and dark. They were ranked below the lower class because they lived in total poverty. The upper class was like a royal class which was a lot different from the middle and lower class, which was roughly based of the income you had. This working class was further categorised as the skilled workers and the unskilled workers.Due to the revolution, the industrial workers got jobs thus improving their living conditions. [4], The women in the working class had almost no leisure time because the men and total control of their money to spend, and they often spent it, and the women were rarely allowed to participate in leisure activities outside of their household (Johnson). Instead, they were landowners and hired lower class workers to work for t… [5], Despite the vast differences between the women in this era, their similarities encouraged a change that shaped the history of Britain. Recreational Activities The people of the working class were usually busy but when they did have time their recreational activities would have included: - bowling - fruit and vegetable shows - flower shows - meeting of trades and friendly societies - drinking in public houses - trading items for income at a pawn shops - and occasionally, attended the theatre but having bought cheap seats. A dark hat now we view tails as formal attire but during the Victorian Era above. And with that change brought the rise of different social classes had around!, 1977 ) the poor families lived in much smaller accommodations than poor... In large Victorian houses three and sometimes four stories high with several.. 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And low in quantity as well as quality in massive slums in Glasgow the class... Cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website social class highly affected the lower class 5! Class or the “ paupers ” show why interest in the story crime...

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